Architecture is an important indicator of the historical development of mankind. With the rise of a nation and civilisation in general the architecture inevitably becomes more advanced and sophisticated; in consequence, building materials evolve too.
Limestone, presumably, was the first building material used by man: lime plates lie in the foundation of the Egyptian pyramids and the Great Wall of China. The strength of ancient masonry structures is provided by the perfect fit for stones – cementing materials, were discovered centuries later. Concrete was invented in ancient Rome – the Romans invented concrete, which, congealing, acquired the strength and durability of the stone. All this has enabled the Romans to create magnificent, monumental castles and palaces. Continue reading “The evolvement of construction and materials” »