Patenting Burdens And Legal Obstacles For Innovation

Medicine+patent+landscape+studiesOn the one hand, patent law developed enough to adequately protect the interests of inventors and manufacturers of new products and other interested parties (access information about the nature of patentable subject matter).

On the other hand, the same positive features grow into quite different phenomena affecting the market. The rapid growth in the number of patent applications in many countries in recent years is leading to a slowdown and a decline in the quality of patent offices, duplication of their efforts in considering applications identical in different countries. It also complicates the access for inventors and other persons to reliable the information about the contents and scope of protection of existing patents, but it reduces the level of scientific knowledge available to society by choosing the inventors do not patent their forms of protection. The state of affairs seriously increases transaction costs and the costs for obtaining all the necessary licenses in the issuance of technologically sophisticated devices. The current legislation deprives the profits of manufacturers for a long time waiting for the issuance of a patent and multiplies the number of legal disputes between multiple patent holders in certain areas.

The way to go

National patent offices should seek to establish close cooperation with the relevant authorities in other countries to use the same database of patentable subject matter in order to simplify and expedite the review of applications.

The increase in patents in overlapping fields of science and technology leads to a multiplication of interrelated patent lack of understanding of who exactly is necessary to obtain consent for the use of his invention, the growth of conflict and litigation, to the prevalence of “defensive” nature of patenting (instead of stimulating innovation), receivable low scientific patents to the emergence of patent obstacles when several different owners of patents prevent each of them to produce their products, as well as try to acquire malicious profit from owning interdependent patents (the production of smartphones is a bright example).

The fastest growing in recent years is the number of patents in the field of computer technology and telecommunications, and industry experts express serious doubts that the patenting support innovation. Inventions in these areas often follow logically from existing inventions and innovations, rather than represent a new word in science and technology. As a result, support for innovation is weak, and patents form a long list of obstacles of course, hindering market growth.

There is no single way to solve the problem of patent ‘thickets’. Market participants themselves are taking advantage of different methods of restoring order: creating standards, patent pools and so on. Businesses tend to invest heavily in maintaining legal cleanness, and virtually all the solid entities dealing with research and innovation put maximum effort into protecting the fruits of their labour. A quick example is universities, investing into researches and looking to ensure ROI numbers; e.g. the University of Manchester has established UMIP, the branch that assists scientific departments with intellectual property and commercialisation fields.

Awaiting government moves

States in this regard can take the following three steps:

Prevent the spread of patenting on areas of business where the catalytic role of patents lower compared to the overhead created, increase the amount of fees for maintaining the patent in force and provide for the issuance of patents of higher quality.

Technologies In Action: Vehicle Injectors Ultrasound Cleaning

The injectors are activated with electric shock and nozzles used in engines with distributed fuel injection may have the lower, upper side or supply of fuel. At the lower traverse a constant flow of gasoline through the nozzle is performed, which ensures it is cooled and prevents the formation of vapor bubbles. With a high pressure injection this problem can be solved without the flow of fuel through the nozzle.

Electromagnetic nozzles are manufactured with a tolerance of 1 micron and are able to work up to a billion cycles. The main reason for the violation of their operation is pollution in the operation, although the way of mechanical particles are fuel filters that discard the particles larger than 10-20 microns. They are installed in the fuel line and the injector itself.

The latter are relatively small and are designed to ensure the purity of the fuel supplied to the nozzle, cutting a particularly small inclusions, penetrated through the filter of thin clearing of fuel. The absorption capacity is low, and clogged, they leave the nozzle on a starvation diet. To avoid this, you need to monitor the condition of the filter of thin clearing of fuel. The main reason for pollution of atomizers is lower-quality fuel and the presence in its composition of heavy fractions.

Clean injectors with ultrasound

Not always the use of chemical cleaning methods nozzles brings results. And this is where more effective technologies come to the rescue – ultrasonic cleaning is one of them.

Nozzles are removed and placed in a special bath. In simple technological processes these baths are the only devices that make the magic happen. Thus, e.g. a range of basic ultrasonic cleaner devices by Hilsonic, a prominent UK manufacturer, demand just plugging in AC/DC adapter. Under the influence of ultrasonic vibrations liquid particles per second reciprocating motion with a frequency generator. Because of the inertia of the movement not only micro-volumes of liquid with sharp changes in acceleration happens, but also an abrupt change in the pressure in them is monitored. The working fluid bombards the surface of the cleaned items and rips off its dirt particles. Such intense comminution enhances fluid movement dirt particles in the working fluid.

Most notably, the complete removal of contaminants by means of ultrasound is achieved even in the narrow recesses and holes cleaned product. The nozzles are immersed in a bath of the dosing part, establishing a special holder. It is important that they are in limbo, constantly washing the cleaning liquid when exposed to ultrasonic vibrations. If the nozzle will touch the bottom of the bath, it can lead to premature failure of the ultrasonic generator.

After cleaning an ultrasonic bath a so-called backwash is initiated. To complete this process filters are removed and by means of special adapter placed in the bath. Remnants of dirt are washed with fluid in the reverse direction.

Any of the above methods of cleaning should end with quality control. Sometimes, in order to achieve an acceptable quality of the cleaning process the procedure has to be repeated several times.

Staying at the top. Is the battle worthy of efforts?

digital-marketing

Do you really have to pave your way to the top 3 pantheon? Of course, yes. But a more precise answer would be – ‘yes, but queries matter’. Thus, you can consider queries basing on the following parameters:

  • Frequency
  • Competition and, as a consequence, the cost of the promotion (the higher the competition – the more you will pay)
  • The commercial component

There may be general queries, such as: category name, brand name, product category ligament plus brand; queries of transactional type: the action category name, type of information requests review category, the category ratings; and the so-called model queries (model names). For the companies from different industries and business models the online strategy as for the presence in Google’s top the optimal cost/return ratio for all sorts of queries can be different.

There are two basic rules:

  1. The product portfolio has more than 1,000 products, with clear identification (manufacturer, model name). Comparing prices in this case does not pose any difficulties. It will work the best return on the complete range of modeling needs. There’s also interesting to work on the impact of ligaments product category plus brand – relevance is determined in each case depending on the cost of entering the position. Obviously, general queries are characterised by high competition and, as a rule, the high cost of inputs, while the returns are doubtful.

Here is an example of the mechanism of purchase – a typical selection mechanism for some category of products with the following stages:

  1. General inquiry (checking the subject).
  2. General queries + informative component (specifications, selections, comparisons) and/or transaction requests.
  3. General queries + brand (if the user has a preference for any brand – the sequence of actions can start with this step).

Model request

This one implies researching themes the buyer is primarily interested in and checking the most complete and qualitative descriptions. After defining the model, the user usually enters a query in the search engine, but now it aims to define the place of purchase with the most attractive conditions for it (besides the presence of goods which may be the price, customer service benefits, etc.). And here it may not be your site. He saw you before, read about the product at your site. Helping with buying is a good thing, but it doesn’t necessarily means it converts good. In the end, your final goal is generating sales. You should also keep in mind the alternative model names. Moreover, by utilising these names you can obtain up to 50% or even more model of traffic.

Typical industries for the first category: electronics, appliances, etc.

The product category has a common name, while each supplier of the product is unique. Comparison of the goods can be a hassle. You supply the exclusive goods. For the second category it is much better to run general queries, and usually, the game is worth the candle for them. Typical industries for the second category are flowers, gifts and others.

Staying on top and making your way to it is a tough challenge. You may want to get in touch with marketing industry professionals to squeeze the most of your efforts – drop in at HTP Digital website – this prominent digital marketing Manchester agency is an industry standout boasting impressive results with narrowly focused companies dealing with ultrasonic cleaning and graphene products, not to mention more conventional business niches.